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Calicut University 2009 B.A Economics ch, – IV : Development and Environment - Question Paper

Tuesday, 07 May 2013 09:50Web

I. select the accurate ans. Write only the alphabet :
1) Economic development means
a) Growth b) Development c) Growth with change

2) In Lewis' theory, capital formation depends on
a) Capitalist surplus
b) Labour saving technology
c) Labour supply

3) Critical minimum effort thesis is developed by
a) A.O. Hirschman b) H. Leibenstein c) Karl Marx

4) Financial dualism is discussed by
a) J.H. Bocke b) Benjamin Higgins c) Myint

5) According to Marx, the mechanism of social change is
a) Surplus value
b) Class struggle
c) Industrial reserve army (5×1=5 Marks)

II. State actual or False :
6) Compared to other Indian states, Kerala has a high HDI.

7) Stationary state is a feature of Marxian model.

8) Labour intensive technique is suited to underdeveloped countries.

9) Non renewable resources are subject to growth and depletion.

10) Schumacher is associated with intermediate technology. (5×1=5 Marks)

III. Fill in the blanks :
11) –––––––––––––– defined the vicious circle of poverty.
a) Richard Nelson b) Ragnar Nurkse c) Rosenstein Rodan

12) Lorenz curve measures –––––––––––––––
a) Economic development
b) Economic growth
c) Inequality

13) –––––––––––––– is an 'engine of growth'.
a) Foreign aid b) Foreign trade c) Foreign exchange

14) When there is disguised unemployment, marginal productivity of labour is
a) Zero b) Positive c) Constant

15) Robert Thomas Malthus is associated with ––––––––––––––
a) Capital formation b) Technology c) Population
(5×1=5 Marks)

IV. describe any 4 of the subsequent :
16) Poverty
17) Capital output ratio
18) Financial dualism
19) Environment
20) Per capita income. (4×1=4 Marks)

V. ans any 7 of the subsequent in not more than half a page :
21) Physical Quality of Life Index.
22) Economic Development.
23) Human Resource Development.
24) Capital Intensive Technique.
25) Vicious Circle of Poverty.
26) Production function according to classical model.
27) Subsistence sector according to Lewis model.
28) Qualitative Credit Control.
29) Property right approach to environment issue.
30) Innovation. (7×3=21 Marks)

VI. ans any 6 of the following, every not more than 1 page :
31) Measures by govt. to control environmental pollution.
32) Market failures.
33) National income as a measure of economic development.
34) Malthusian concept of economic development.
35) Theory of Demographic Transition.
36) Big Push Theory.
37) Growth agents according to Leibenstein.
38) Behavioural and Social Dualism.
39) Marxian model of development.
40) Components of Human Development Index. (6×5=30 Marks)

VII. ans any 3 of the following, every not exceeding 3 pages :
41) discuss the characteristics of developing countries.
42) Critically examine the Unbalanced Growth Strategy.
43) explain the role of international trade in economic development.
44) Briefly define the theory of Low Level Equilibrium Trap contributed by
45) Role of agriculture and industry in economic development.
46) Examine the relation ranging from capital formation and economic development.
(3×10=30 Marks)

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