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Anna University Chennai 2007 B.A Arabic ME1351 - HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, /'2008 - Question Paper

Saturday, 23 February 2013 02:45Web


Sixth Semester

(Regulation 2004)

Mechanical Engineering


Time: 3 hours Maximum: 100 marks

PART A - (10*2 = 20 MARKS)

1. A temperature difference of 500 C is applied across a fire-clay brick, 10cm thick having a thermal conductivity of 1W/mK. obtain the heat transfer rate per unit area.

2. Write the general 3-D heat conduction formula in cylindrical coordinates.

3. Biot number is the ratio ranging from _________and _________

4. describe bulk temperature.

5. A vertical flat plate is maintained at a temperature lower than the surrounding fluid. Draw the velocity and temperature profiles assuming natural convection.

6. What is burnout point? Why is it called so?

7. What is a compact heat exchanger? provide examples.

8. What is thermal radiation and what is its wavelength band?

9. elaborate radiation shields?

10. discuss the physical meaning of Schmidt number?

PART B - (5*16 = 80 marks)

11. (a) A composite wall is formed of a 2.5 cm copper plate (k=355W/mK), a 3.2 mm layer of asbestos (k=0.110 W/mK) and a 5cm layer of fiber plate (k=0.049 W/mK). The wall is subjected to an overall temperature difference of 560 C (560 C on the Cu plate side and 0 C on the fiber plate side).Estimate the heat flux through this composite wall and interface temperature ranging from asbestos and fiber plate.


(b) When a thermocouple is moved from 1 medium to a different medium at a various temperature, sufficient time must be provided for the thermocouple to come to the thermal equilibrium with the new conditions before a studying is taken. Consider a 0.1 cm diameter copper thermocouple wire originally at 150 C. obtain the thermometer response (i.e. an approximate plat of temperature vs time for intervals of 0, 40 and 120 seconds) when this wire is suddenly immersed in
(i) water at 40 C (h=80 W/m2K)
(ii) air at 40 C (h=40 W/m2K)
presume unit length of wire.

12. (a) Air at 400 K and 1atm pressure flows at a speed of 1.5 m/s over a flat plate of two m long. The plate is maintained at a uniform temperature of 300 K. If the plate has a width of 0.5 m, estimate the heat transfer coefficient and the rate of heat transfer from the air stream to the plate. Also estimate the drag force acting on the plate.


(b) Cylindrical cans of 150 mm length and 65 mm diameter are to be cooled from an initial temperature of 20 C by placing them in a cooler containing air at a temperature of one C and a pressure of one bar. Determine the cooling rates when the cans are kept in
(i) Horizontal position
(ii) Vertical position

13. (a) Water is to be boiled at atmospheric pressure in a mechanically polished stainless steel pan placed on top of a heating unit. The inner surface of the bottom of the pan is maintained at 108 C. The diameter of the bottom of the pan is 30 cm. Assuming Csf = 0.0130, compute
(i) the rate of heat transfer to the water, and
(ii) the rate of evaporation of water.


(b) describe effectiveness of a heat exchanger. Derive an expression for the effectiveness of a double pipe parallel flow heat exchanger. State the assumptions made.

14. (a) (i) explain briefly the variation of black body emissive power with wavelength of various temperatures. (8)

(ii) The spectral emissive function of an opaque surface at 800 K is approximated as

e1 = 0.30 0 = ? < 3µm
e? = e2 = 0.80 3µm = ? < 7µm
e3 = 0.10 7µm = ? < 8
compute the avg. emissivity of the surface and its emissive power. (8)

(b) discuss the following: (5+5+6)
(i) Specular and diffuse reflection
(ii) Reflectivity and transmissivity
(iii) Reciprocity rule and summation rule.

15. (a) explain briefly the following: (4+6+6)
(i) Fick’s legal regulations of diffusion
(ii) Equimolar counter diffusion
(iii) Evaporation process in the atmosphere.


(b) (i) elaborate the assumptions made in the 1-D transient mass diffusion problems? (4)

(ii) An open pan, 20 cm diameter and eight cm deep contains water at 25°C and is exposed to dry atmospheric air. Estimate the diffusion coefficient of water in air, if the rate of diffusion of water is 8.54 × 10-4 kg/h. (12)


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