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Medicine and Health Science

Immunization Schedule followed in India

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Immunization Schedule followed in India

S.No.

Age

Vaccine

Dosage

1.

New Born

BCG

One dose

2.

15 days

Oral polio

First dose

3.

6th Week

DPT and Polio

First dose

4.

10th Week

DPT and Polio

Second dose

5.

14th Week

DPT and Polio

Third dose

6.

9-12 Months

Measles

One dose

7.

18-24 Months

DPT and Polio

First booster

8.

15 Months – 2 years

MMR vaccine

One dose

9.

2-3 years

Typhoid vaccine

Two doses at one month gap

10.

4-6 years

DT and Polio

Second booster

11.

10th year

TT and Typhoid

——

12.

16th year

TT and Typhoid

Second booster

  • BCG – Tuberculosis vaccine
  • DPT – Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus vaccine (Trible antigen)
  • MMR – Mumps, Measles, Rubella
  • DT – Diphtheria, Tetanus (Dual antigen)
  • TT – Tetanus Toxoid
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Last Updated on Sunday, 17 November 2013 17:40

Diabetes Mellitus

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The normal glucose level in human blood is ranging between 80mg and 120mg/100ml. This level is perfectly maintained by a hormone called insulin secreted by the beta cells of Islets of Langerhans in pancreas. Whenever the glucose level in the blood is increased, sufficient amount of insulin is secreted by beta cells. This insulin is responsible for removing the excess of glucose from the blood and storing it in the liver in the form of glycogen. By doing this, it helps to maintain the glucose level in the blood.

Diabetes mellitus is caused due to the deficiency of insulin. Insufficient quantity of insulin can take only a part of excess of glucose to the liver for storage and the rest of excess of glucose is left in the blood. Thus the glucose level in the blood is always high. This condition is called hyperglycemia. When the blood with excess of glucose enters into the kidneys, the excess of glucose is excreted along with urine. This elimination of excess of glucose along with urine is called diabetes mellitus. When the kidneys receive the blood with lot of glucose, the tissues in the kidneys are destroyed which leads to renal failure. Ultimately this leads to the death of the individual.

Source Link:http://tnpsc.wordpress.com/2013/09/24/diabetes-mellitus/

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 09 October 2013 19:21

THYROID PHARMACOLOGY

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Last Updated on Sunday, 25 March 2012 08:04

WANT TO KNOW ABOUT COCAINE?

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Last Updated on Sunday, 25 March 2012 08:07

Anticholinergics

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Last Updated on Sunday, 25 March 2012 08:08

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